Emergency contraception (EC) is a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex or suspected contraceptive failure. However, there are many common misconceptions about EC, which can prevent people from using it or using it correctly.
Here are some of the most common misconceptions about EC:
Misconception: EC is an abortion pill.
Fact: EC is not an abortion pill. It works by preventing ovulation or delaying fertilization, which can occur before a pregnancy is implanted in the uterus. Abortion pills, on the other hand, terminate an already implanted pregnancy.
Misconception: EC makes you infertile.
Fact: There is no evidence that EC harms fertility. In fact, research has shown that EC has no long-term effects on fertility or reproductive health.
Misconception: EC is only effective for 24 hours after unprotected sex.
Fact: EC is most effective when taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex, but it can still be effective when taken up to 120 hours after sex. However, the sooner you take EC, the more effective it will be.
Misconception: EC can be used as a regular form of contraception.
Fact: EC is not meant to be used as a regular form of contraception. It is less effective than other forms of contraception, such as birth control pills, condoms, and IUDs. EC should only be used as a backup method in case of unprotected sex or contraceptive failure.
Misconception: EC is only available with a prescription.
Fact: EC is available over-the-counter in the United States without age restrictions. It can be found at most pharmacies and convenience stores.
If you have any questions or concerns about EC, be sure to talk to your doctor or pharmacist. They can help you understand how EC works and whether it is right for you.