Second trimester of pregnancy

The second trimester of pregnancy lasts from week 13 to week 27. It is often considered the “honeymoon period” of pregnancy, as many women feel their best during this time. The nausea and fatigue of the first trimester usually subside, and energy levels return.

During the second trimester, the baby grows rapidly. By the end of the trimester, the baby will be about 15 inches long and weigh about 2 pounds. The baby’s organs and systems continue to develop, and the baby begins to move around more.

Here are some of the physical changes that women may experience during the second trimester:

  • A growing belly and breasts
  • Braxton Hicks contractions (mild, irregular contractions that are a normal part of pregnancy)
  • Skin changes, such as stretch marks and melasma (dark patches on the skin)
  • Nasal problems, such as congestion and nosebleeds
  • Dental issues, such as gingivitis and cavities
  • Dizziness
  • Leg cramps
  • Vaginal discharge

Here are some things that women can do to stay healthy and comfortable during the second trimester:

  • Eat a healthy diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Get regular exercise, but avoid activities that are high-impact or pose a risk of falling.
  • Get enough sleep.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol, and using drugs.
  • See a healthcare provider regularly for prenatal care.

The second trimester is a good time to start planning for the baby’s arrival. This may include setting up a nursery, choosing childcare, and making financial preparations. It is also a good time to take childbirth classes and learn about breastfeeding.

If you have any questions or concerns about your pregnancy, be sure to talk to your healthcare provider.

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