Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways in your lungs. The airways are tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. If you have asthma, the airways can become inflamed and narrowed at times. This makes it harder for air to flow out of your airways when you breathe out.
The symptoms of asthma can vary from person to person and can include:
- Wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe)
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness or pain
- Trouble sleeping
- Feeling tired
Asthma attacks can be triggered by a variety of things, including:
- Allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, or pet dander
- Cold air
- Strong emotions, such as stress or anger
- Certain medications, such as aspirin or ibuprofen
- Air pollutants, such as smoke or fumes
There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with treatment. The goal of treatment is to control your symptoms and prevent asthma attacks. Treatment for asthma usually includes:
- Inhaled medications, such as steroids or bronchodilators
- Avoiding triggers
- Learning how to manage your asthma
If you have asthma, it is important to work with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. With proper treatment, you can live a normal, active life with asthma.
Here are some additional things to keep in mind about asthma:
- Asthma is a common condition, affecting about 262 million people worldwide.
- Asthma can start at any age, but it is most common in children.
- Asthma can be a serious condition, but it is usually well-controlled with treatment.
- There are many different types of asthma medications available, and your doctor will help you choose the right ones for you.
- It is important to take your asthma medications as prescribed by your doctor.
- You should also avoid your asthma triggers as much as possible.
- If you have an asthma attack, it is important to know what to do. Your doctor can teach you how to manage your asthma attack.