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Cervical Cancer: A Preventable Disease

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a sexually transmitted infection that can be spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. There are over 100 types of HPV, but only a few types can cause cervical cancer.

The good news is that cervical cancer is one of the most preventable types of cancer. There are two main ways to prevent cervical cancer:

  • Get vaccinated against HPV. The HPV vaccine can protect against the types of HPV that cause most cases of cervical cancer.
  • Have regular screening tests. Screening tests can detect changes in the cervix that could lead to cancer. If these changes are detected early, they can be treated before they turn into cancer.

The HPV vaccine is recommended for all girls and boys ages 11 or 12. It can also be given to older women and men who have not been vaccinated.

Screening tests are recommended for women starting at age 21. The type of screening test you will have depends on your age and other factors.

Early detection and treatment of cervical cancer is key to survival. The 5-year survival rate for cervical cancer is over 90% if it is detected early and treated.

If you are concerned about cervical cancer, talk to your doctor. They can help you understand your risk factors and develop a plan for prevention and screening.

Here are some additional things you can do to reduce your risk of cervical cancer:

  • Have one or more sexual partners.
  • Have sex with someone who has multiple sexual partners.
  • Smoke cigarettes.
  • Use birth control pills for a long period of time.
  • Have a weakened immune system.

If you have any of these risk factors, talk to your doctor about ways to reduce your risk of cervical cancer.

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  • Post last modified:2023-09-13

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