Kidney failure is when your kidneys can no longer filter waste products and fluids from your blood. This can be a life-threatening condition if it is not treated.
There are two main types of kidney failure: acute and chronic.
Acute kidney failure is a sudden loss of kidney function. It can be caused by a number of things, including:
- A severe infection
- A major injury
- A reaction to certain medications
- A blood clot in the kidney
- A blockage in the urinary tract
Chronic kidney failure is a long-term decline in kidney function. It can be caused by a number of things, including:
- High blood pressure
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Kidney stones
- Autoimmune diseases
The symptoms of kidney failure vary depending on the severity of the condition. Some common symptoms include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swelling in the feet, ankles, and hands
- Trouble sleeping
- Shortness of breath
- Muscle cramps
- Changes in urination (including less urine output, more frequent urination, or foamy urine)
If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to see a doctor right away. Kidney failure can be a serious condition, but it is often treatable.
The treatment for kidney failure depends on the severity of the condition. For acute kidney failure, the goal is to treat the underlying cause and restore kidney function. In some cases, dialysis may be necessary.
For chronic kidney failure, the goal is to slow the progression of the disease and prevent complications. This may involve lifestyle changes, such as controlling your blood pressure and blood sugar, as well as medications. In some cases, dialysis or a kidney transplant may be necessary.
If you have kidney failure, it is important to work with your doctor to develop a treatment plan that is right for you. With proper care, you can live a long and healthy life.
Here are some things you can do to help prevent kidney failure:
- Control your blood pressure and blood sugar.
- Eat a healthy diet that is low in salt and potassium.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Don’t smoke.
- Limit your alcohol intake.
- Get regular exercise.
If you have any risk factors for kidney failure, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk.