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pain medications

There are many different types of pain medications available, both over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription. The type of pain medication that is best for you will depend on the type of pain you are experiencing, the severity of your pain, and your overall health.

OTC pain medications

OTC pain medications are generally safe for most people to take, but it is important to read the label carefully and follow the directions. Common OTC pain medications include:

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol): Acetaminophen is a good choice for mild to moderate pain, such as headaches, muscle aches, and fever.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve), are good for mild to moderate pain and inflammation. However, NSAIDs can have side effects, such as stomach upset, bleeding, and kidney problems.

Prescription pain medications

Prescription pain medications are stronger than OTC pain medications and should only be taken under the supervision of a doctor. Common prescription pain medications include:

  • Opioids: Opioids, such as codeine, oxycodone, and morphine, are very effective at relieving pain, but they can also be addictive. Opioids should only be used for short-term pain relief.
  • Antidepressants: Certain types of antidepressants, such as duloxetine (Cymbalta) and amitriptyline (Elavil), can be used to treat chronic pain, such as nerve pain and fibromyalgia.
  • Anticonvulsants: Anticonvulsants, such as gabapentin (Neurontin) and pregabalin (Lyrica), can also be used to treat chronic pain.

Other pain medications

There are a number of other pain medications available, including topical medications, such as capsaicin cream and lidocaine patches, and injections, such as nerve blocks.

It is important to talk to your doctor about the best type of pain medication for you. Your doctor will consider the type of pain you are experiencing, the severity of your pain, and your overall health when making a recommendation.

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  • Post last modified:2023-09-16

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