Pregnancy complications are health problems that can occur during pregnancy. They can affect the mother, the baby, or both. Some pregnancy complications are common, while others are rare.
Some of the most common pregnancy complications include:
- Miscarriage: Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation.
- Ectopic pregnancy: An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the uterus.
- Premature birth: Premature birth is birth before 37 weeks gestation.
- Low birth weight: Low birth weight is a birth weight of less than 5 pounds, 8 ounces.
- Gestational diabetes: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy.
- Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a condition characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine.
- Eclampsia: Eclampsia is a serious condition that can develop from preeclampsia and is characterized by seizures.
Other pregnancy complications include:
- Stillbirth: Stillbirth is the loss of a baby after 20 weeks gestation.
- Birth defects: Birth defects are problems with the structure or function of the body that are present at birth.
- Infections: Infections during pregnancy can cause a variety of health problems for the mother and the baby.
- Chronic health conditions: Chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and thyroid disease, can increase the risk of pregnancy complications.
- Pregnancy loss: Pregnancy loss is the loss of a pregnancy at any time during pregnancy.
If you have any questions or concerns about pregnancy complications, talk to your doctor. They can help you to identify and manage any risks you may have.
Here are some tips for preventing pregnancy complications:
- Get regular prenatal care. Prenatal care is essential for monitoring your health and the health of your baby. Your doctor can identify and manage any risks you may have.
- Eat a healthy diet. Eating a healthy diet will help you get the nutrients you and your baby need.
- Get regular exercise. Exercise is safe and beneficial for most pregnant women. It can help to reduce the risk of pregnancy complications and improve your overall health.
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol. Smoking and drinking alcohol can damage your baby.
- Manage any chronic health conditions. If you have a chronic health condition, such as diabetes or high blood pressure, it is important to manage it carefully during pregnancy.
By following these tips, you can help to reduce your risk of pregnancy complications.