Acute mastoiditis is a serious infection of the mastoid bone, which is located behind the ear. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection of the middle ear (otitis media). Acute mastoiditis is most common in children, but it can also occur in adults.
Symptoms of acute mastoiditis
Symptoms of acute mastoiditis can include:
- Ear pain
- Drainage from the ear
- Redness, swelling, and tenderness behind the ear
- Neck pain
- Difficulty hearing
Treatment for acute mastoiditis
Acute mastoiditis is a serious infection and requires immediate medical attention. Treatment usually involves hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to drain the infected mastoid bone.
Preventing acute mastoiditis
The best way to prevent acute mastoiditis is to treat ear infections promptly. Other preventive measures include:
- Keeping your child’s vaccinations up to date
- Avoiding smoking around your child
- Keeping your child’s ears clean and dry
Complications of acute mastoiditis
If acute mastoiditis is not treated promptly, it can lead to serious complications, such as:
- Hearing loss
- Facial paralysis
- Brain abscess
- Osteomyelitis (infection of the bone)
If you think you or your child may have acute mastoiditis, it is important to see a doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent complications and improve your chances of a full recovery.