Vestibular neuronitis is a sudden vertigo attack that is caused by inflammation of the vestibular nerve. The vestibular nerve is responsible for sending signals to the brain about balance and movement. When the vestibular nerve is inflamed, it can send mixed signals to the brain, causing vertigo.
Vertigo is a feeling of dizziness or spinning. It can make it difficult to walk, stand, and balance. Other symptoms of vestibular neuronitis may include:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty focusing
Vestibular neuronitis is most common in people between the ages of 40 and 60, but it can occur at any age. It is not contagious.
The exact cause of vestibular neuronitis is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a viral infection. Other possible causes include:
- Head or neck injury
- Multiple sclerosis
- Ménière’s disease
- Autoimmune disorders
Most people with vestibular neuronitis recover fully within a few weeks. However, some people may experience long-term symptoms, such as vertigo, dizziness, and balance problems.
There is no cure for vestibular neuronitis, but treatment can help to relieve symptoms and improve recovery. Treatment options may include:
- Medication: Medications such as antiemetics and antihistamines can help to relieve nausea, vomiting, and dizziness.
- Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help to improve balance and coordination.
- Vestibular rehabilitation therapy (VRT): VRT is a type of physical therapy that specifically targets the vestibular system. It can help to reduce vertigo and dizziness, and improve balance and coordination.
If you think you may have vestibular neuronitis, it is important to see a doctor right away. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to improve your chances of a full recovery.