You can begin to provide first aid.
Here are the steps for first aid in case of drowning:
- Remove the person from the water. If possible, use a lifeguard hook or other object to reach the person and pull them to safety. If you cannot reach the person, try to throw them a flotation device, such as a life jacket or inner tube.
- Check for breathing. If the person is not breathing, begin CPR. To perform CPR, place the person on their back on a firm surface. Kneel next to the person’s chest and place the heel of one hand on the center of their chest. Place your other hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers. Position your shoulders directly over your hands and use your upper body weight to compress the person’s chest at least two inches. Perform 30 chest compressions followed by two rescue breaths. Continue CPR until help arrives.
- If the person is breathing but unconscious, place them on their side in the recovery position. This will help to prevent them from choking on their vomit.
- Stay with the person until help arrives. Monitor their breathing and heartbeat, and be prepared to perform CPR if necessary.
It is important to note that drowning can be a silent event. The person may not cry out for help or wave their arms. If you see someone struggling in the water, even if they appear to be swimming, assume they are drowning and take action.
Here are some additional tips for first aid in case of drowning:
- Do not try to rescue a drowning person unless you are properly trained and equipped.
- If you are not a trained lifeguard, use a flotation device to reach the person.
- Be careful not to get pulled into the water yourself.
- If the person is unconscious, do not move them unless you are in danger of being injured yourself.
- Stay with the person until help arrives.
Drowning is a serious problem, but it is preventable. By following these first aid tips, you can help to save a life.