First aid to be given to a burn victim:
- Stop the burning process. If the person’s clothing is on fire, smother the flames with a blanket or coat. If the person is burning because of a chemical, flush the area with water for at least 10 minutes.
- Cool the burn. Apply cool water or a cold compress to the burn for 10-15 minutes. Do not use ice, as this can damage the tissue.
- Cover the burn. Use a clean bandage or cloth to cover the burn. Do not apply any ointments or creams, as this can trap heat and make the burn worse.
- Elevate the burn. If possible, elevate the burned area above heart level. This will help to reduce swelling.
- Seek medical attention. Seek medical attention for all burns that are larger than 1 inch in diameter, deep, or on the face, hands, or feet. You should also seek medical attention if the burn is caused by a chemical or if the person is experiencing other symptoms, such as fever, chills, or nausea.
- If the person’s clothing is stuck to the burn, do not try to remove it. This can damage the skin.
- Do not break any blisters that form on the burn.
- Do not apply any ointments or creams to the burn without first consulting with a medical professional.
- Give the person plenty of fluids to drink to prevent dehydration.
By following these first aid tips, you can help to minimize the severity of a burn and promote healing.